Climate in Africa is changing and the most immediate impact is from extreme climate events such as drought, floods, storms and cyclones. Knowledge on how this will adversely affect African Governments' roads and transport is weak and there is no common guidance on how to best deal with climate effects at present and in the coming years.
overall objective of this AfCAP regional project being carried out by a
consortium led by South Africa's Council for Scientific and
Industrial Research (CSIR), is to promote climate-resilient rural
access in Africa through research and knowledge-sharing within and
between the participating countries. The purpose is as
Delivery of a research programme on
activities relevant to climate adaptation and resilience
strategies to enable national governments to take both short and
longer term, policy-making action;
an appreciation and awareness within African Road and Transport
ministries, departments and agencies of current and future
challenges associated with the effects of climate change on
rural access, and an increased ability to deal with more
unpredictable and extreme climate effects;
and optimise best cost-benefit and return-on-investment
approaches to demonstrate optimal resilient rural access and
minimal impact on national economic progress;
Produce a Climate Adaptation handbook and guidelines; and
Implement a knowledge dissemination and capacity building
All AfCAP beneficiary countries have
agreed to participate in this 32-month programme. In the first eight months
(Phase 1), Climate Adaptation Guidelines were produced
to initiate a sensitisation programme, linked to an introductory knowledge awareness raising and capacity building.
Phase 2 is focused on adaptation demonstrations, dissemination, capacity building and uptake.
Training and capacity building will be important for:
The Project Team will focus on uptake and subsequent embedment of
outcomes. This will be addressed through a range of interventions from informing
national policies, through regional and district planning, down to
practical guidance on adaptation delivery at rural road level.
The project runs from April 2016 till December 2018.
The main beneficiaries of the AfCAP regional project on
Climate Adaptation will be sub-Saharan African Road and Transport Ministries,
Departments and Agencies, as well as regional institutions, NGOs, universities
and research organisations, and particularly those based in AfCAP partner
Three partner countries have been
selected to participate in specific demonstration trials to optimise
approaches and deliver climate and social resilience. These are:
Ethiopia (Eastern Africa), Mozambique (Southern Africa) and Ghana
(Western Africa). The selection process of the partner countries is
described in the project’s Inception Report.
Based on a full needs assessment, research is being carried out into appropriate and economic methodologies for vulnerability and risk assessments; prioritisation of adaptation interventions; and optimisation of asset resilience in the context of rural access. In addition, evidence of cost, economic and social benefit links to rural communities arising from more resilient rural access is required to support wider policy adoption across Africa.
The project focusses on: (a) demonstrating appropriate engineering and non-engineering adaptation procedures; (b) sustainable enhancement in the capacity of three AfCAP partner countries; (c) sustainable enhancement in the capacity of additional AfCAP partner countries; and (d) uptake and embedment across AfCAP partner countries.
A Handbook has been developed to address climate adaptation in a new and practical way. It covers a wide range of climatic, geomorphologic and hydrological circumstances, based on application to Mozambique, Ghana and Ethiopia, but equally applicable to any Sub-Saharan African country. Produced for low volume roads, the principles also apply to high volume roads, although there will be differing priorities and design parameters.
There are three specific, overlapping applications of the Handbook: new infrastructure and structures, rehabilitation & retrofitting, and maintenance.
There are five stages in the adaptation process, as follows:
The Handbook sets out the overall approach and is supported by the following technical Guidelines documents.
The documents will come publicly available after successful trialling in AfCAP partner countries.
Climate Adaptation: Inception Report, May 2016
Climate Adaptation: Recommendations for Phase 2, February 2017
Climate Adaptation: Workshop reports Ethiopia, Ghana, Mozambique, March 2017
Climate Adatation: Inception Report Phase 2, August 2017
Climate Threats Report, July 2016
Climate Adaptation Options Report, September 2016
Climate Adaptation: Final Report for Phase 1, March 2017
Climate Adaptation: Briefing Note 1, May 2016
Climate Adaptation: Briefing Note 2, October 2016
Climate Adaptation: Briefing Note 3, October 2016
Climate Adaptation: Briefing Note 4, January 2017
African Development Bank: Africa Climate Change Fund (ACCF), which aims to support African countries in their transition to a more climate-resilient and low-carbon mode of development.
World Bank: Climate Change and Africa: The World Bank's climate strategy aims to help sub-Saharan countries lessen climate change impacts and their effect on economic development.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP): Africa Adaptation Gap Technical Report: Climate-change impacts, adaptation challenges and costs for Africa.
World Wildlife Fund (WWF): Concise report on Impacts of Climate Change on Life in Africa, i.e. biodiversity loss, agriculture, water supply, disease and human migration.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
African Climate Change Fellowship Program (ACCFP): ACCFP supports African professionals, researchers, educators and graduate students to undertake activities that enhance their capacities for advancing and applying knowledge for climate change adaptation in Africa.
Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA): ACCRA aims for governments to support the resilience of citizens by adapting their decision-making and effectively implementing good decisions, and for civil society to support the increase in adaptive capcity of vulnerable people through their programmes, policies and processes.